Current Appropriations Bills
Congress is currently considering the Fiscal Year 2014 appropriations bills.
FY13 Funding Cycle
Congress completed the FY13 appropriations cycle on March 26, 2013 when the final omnibus appropriations bill was signed into law, nearly six months after the start of the fiscal year. The final bill, P.L. 113-6, included three of the 12 individual appropriations bills, including the Commerce, Justice, Science and Related Agencies (CJS), Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and Agriculture bills. The remaining nine bills are funded at FY12 levels as a continuing resolution.
Most of the state and local justice assistance grant programs were level funded or increased slightly from FY12 levels. The Byrne JAG formula program was increased from $352 million in FY12 to $371 million in FY13, an increase of 5 percent. The COPS hiring program was increased from $166 million to $190 million, juvenile justice programs from $263 million to $280 million, and Violence Against Women grants from $413 million to $417 million. From these amounts, sequestration, as required by the Budget Control Act of 2011, cut 5 percent from all grant programs, so many remained level-funded after sequestration. Visit the Sequestration page for more information.
NCJA updates the Justice Assistance Table after each new step in the appropriations process. It is available on the Members section of the website.
Current FY14 Funding Cycle
Congress has begun the FY14 funding cycle. On April 10, 2013, President Obama released the Administration’s FY14 budget request to Congress, followed by budget resolutions passed by the House on March 21 and the Senate on March 23. Unlike the House and Senate budget resolutions which lay out only broad parameters of spending for the fiscal year, the Administration’s budget proposes to Congress specific funding levels for individual programs.
Overall, the budget proposes a 3.1 percent increase in Department of Justice (DOJ) funding, and an almost 10 percent increase in justice assistance grant program funding, though a direct comparison to FY13 funding is difficult because the impact of sequestration in FY14 is unclear.
The President’s budget proposes $395 million for the Byrne JAG program; from this total $36.5 million is carved out for unrelated programs, leaving $358.5 million for the formula program which is very slightly higher than the post-sequester FY13 amount. NCJA members have access to the Justice Assistance Table that provides program level detail on the President’s budget request. View it on the Members Only page of the website.
Release of the President’s budget is the first step in the long annual appropriations process. Over the next several months, the 12 subcommittees of the House and Senate Appropriations Committees will hold hearings on the programs and functions under their jurisdictions, taking testimony on the President’s budget request and on the needs and goals of the various federal agencies.