Gathering, Sharing and Using Data to Support Decision Making
Today’s technology solutions require strategies that improve how the justice enterprise collects, shares, and uses information to support justice and public safety decision making. Strong state level leadership and planning, and collaboration with local practitioners, is critical to implementing and improving justice information sharing strategies across the country. State criminal justice administering agencies (SAAs) spend nearly one-fifth (currently $70.M) of Byrne JAG funds on information sharing initiatives including criminal records, cyber-crime, identity theft, fusion centers, and other information sharing projects, they are becoming more knowledgeable about national standards and their leadership role in these efforts. Many of the planning and policy issues relating to privacy, the use of data, system governance, collaborative stakeholder involvement, and investment decisions to promote the adoption of national standards require the executive leadership. Working together, SAAs and practitioners can provide a collaborative environment to increase the adoption and implementation of national standards and tools for justice information sharing country.
Global Justice Information Sharing Initiative
The Global Justice Information Sharing Initiative (Global) serves as a Federal Advisory Committee and advises the U.S. Attorney General on justice information sharing and integration initiatives. Global was created to support the broad scale exchange of pertinent justice and public safety information. Global promotes standards-based electronic information exchange to provide the justice community with timely, accurate, complete, and accessible information in a secure and trusted environment.
Global is a ''group of groups,'' representing more than 30 independent organizations, spanning the spectrum of law enforcement, judicial, correctional, and related bodies. Member organizations participate in Global with a shared responsibility and shared belief that, together, they can bring about positive change by making recommendations and supporting the initiatives of the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ). To help steer and facilitate Global efforts, the U.S. Attorney General reached out to key personnel from local, state, tribal, federal, and international justice entities to form the Global Advisory Committee (GAC). The NCJA is a founding member of Global and NCJA staff and representatives serve on Global working groups including the Global Privacy and Information Quality and Outreach Working Groups.
Led by Global, standards based justice information sharing technology and practice have advanced over the past decade. National standards have been promulgated for virtually every aspect of justice information sharing. The National Information Exchange Model (NIEM) has standardized the format for the exchange of data. Global Reference Architecture (GRA) has standardized the configuration of the technical architecture for information exchange services. Global Federated Identity and Privilege Management (GFIPM) has set standards for resolving credentialing and access restrictions. Standards have also been set for constructing a technical articulation of access limitations and privacy requirements. A standardized set of policies and practices have also been developed to ensure privacy safeguards and information quality. These standardized tools have been designed to work in conjunction with one another and when implemented increase efficiency, enhance operations, and promote cost savings and reuse. These tools are often described as the Global Information Sharing Toolkit (GIST).
As criminal justice entities achieve information sharing, it is important that privacy, civil rights and civil liberties protections are implemented for information that is collected, stored, maintained, accessed, shared and disseminated. Such protections reduce privacy risks and legal liability and help to maintain credibility of public safety agencies and practitioners.
Training and Technical Assistance
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The NCJA provides training and technical assistance (TTA) to enhance public safety and maximize justice information sharing (JIS) investments at the state, local and tribal levels. With a focus on promoting and strengthening state level leadership and replicating best practices, NCJA works to promote the implementation of policies, practices, and technology solutions that leverage JIS national standards Global Standards Package. SAAs must now require compliance with GSP whenever making grants that involve information sharing. Contact Tammy Woodhams, NCJA Senior Staff Associate, at email@example.com for information about JIS TTA. See examples of recent JIS activities.
Justice Information Sharing Practitioners Network
The Justice Information Sharing Practitioners Network (JISP) is a national network of state and local justice and public safety integration practitioners committed to increasing the local, regional and national sharing of justice information through peer collaboration and facilitation. JISP provides a forum for centralizing and standardizing issues and solutions for integrated justice information systems embracing an enterprise-wide and national view. Blending the information, experience, and resources across many sources, agencies, disciplines, and backgrounds, JISP communicates a pragmatic and holistic approach to criminal justice information sharing. The JISP Network is open to state, local or tribal government practitioners who have responsibility for managing, implementing, and overseeing the justice information sharing systems. Membership is free. Contact Tammy Woodhams, NCJA Senior Staff Associate, at firstname.lastname@example.org for more information.